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Soccer Referee Signals are used to transfer message of rule infraction to everyone on and off the soccer field. Sideline Referees will use their flags to transmit the message visually. Tempers can get hot, especially when the players get tired and gasping for air. Soccer Referee was introduced to keep the game organized, calm and entertaining. Referees will use different signals to transfer information to everyone else, on and off the field.
The assistant referee’s flag must always be visible to the referee, unfurled and still whilst running. When making a signal, the assistant referee must stop running, face the field of play, make eye contact with the referee and raise the flag with deliberate (not hasty or exaggerated) motions. The flag should be like an extension of the arm.
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(Assistant referee should indicate he/she has seen an offside with the right arm.) Foul (1 . Hold the flag vertically until acknowledged by the referee; 2. Wave flag 3. Point the flag in the direction where the free kick will take place.) Offside free kick (When the referee stops play, the assistant referee indicates position on the far side
For this signal, the sideline referees run to halfway along the side of the field, and make a rectangle above their head with their arms and the flag. They usually hold this signal for 5-10 seconds, so people get a chance to see it. There will also often be someone holding a board with the number off the player coming off, in red, and the number of the player going on, in green. Both of the sideline referees usually make this signal.
Watch for the penalty kick signal. The official signal is to raise the flag, flick it, then lower the flag, holding it horizontally across the waist (sometimes called, "skirting"). Many crews see this as too visible and will modify the signal. This can vary from region to region.
By putting the flag up, they are indicating to the referee that plays needs to be stopped for some reason. Typically, when the assistant sees something, they will put up the flag, and after the referee blows the whistle the assistant will indicate what they saw.
When there is a signal to be made, the assistant has to stop running, turn and face the referee, make eye contact, and then raise the flag on purpose but not in a silly way so that it gets the attention of the main referee. They say that the flag should be an extension of the assistant’s arm when being used.
US Soccer-produced video on assistant referee signal technique
Once the center referee notices, the AR makes quick, small waves with the flag and then goes to stand in front of the corner flag on the goal line to indicate a penalty kick. Substitution Assistant Referee signals to the referee by holding his flag overhead with both hands
Goal Kick. Assistant Referee points his flag at goal area from which kick is to be taken. Corner Kick. Assistant Referee points his flag at corner area from which kick is to be taken. Penalty Kick. Assistant Referee holds his flag straight up. Once the center referee notices, the AR makes quick, small waves with the flag and then goes to stand in front of the corner flag on the goal line to indicate a penalty kick.